There are many ancient archaeological sites around the world that are full of mysteries and no explanation. One of that is the Giza Pyramids. It is a true masterpiece and has rightly earned the title of a “Wonder”. The enigmatic pyramids are the relics of Egypt’s old kingdom era which was constructed some 4500 years ago. There are so many mysterious facts about the pyramids that it baffles archaeologists, scientists, astronomers.
There are three pyramids in Giza. Pharaoh Khufu began the first Giza Pyramid around 2550 B.C. it is the largest in Giza and is 481 feet (147 meters) above the plateau. It has approximately 2.3 millions stones blocks, each weight an average of 2.5 to 15 tons.
Khufu”s son, Pharraoh Khafre build the second pyramid of Giza around 2520 B.C. Inside the pyramid there is a unique substance, the Sphinx, a mysterious limestone monument with the body of a lion and a pharaoh’s head.
The third and final pyramid is considerably smaller than the first two. It was build by Pharaoh Menkaure around 2490 B.C. It featured a much more complex mortuary temple. Despite the smaller size, it was technologically advanced than the other two.
“Many people think of the site as just a cemetery in the modern sense, but it is a lot more than that,” says Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, and Tufts University Egyptologist Peter Der Manuelian. “In these decorated tombs you have wonderful scenes of every aspect of life in ancient Egypt—so it’s not just about how Egyptians died but how they lived.”
Here are some of the facts about the Giza Pyramids:
- The current pyramid of Giza is the oldest of all seven wonders of the world.
- The ancient name of the pyramid was Khufu’s Horizon.
- The Great Pyramid is located at the center of the land mass of the earth. The east/west parallel that crosses the most land and the north/south meridian that crosses the most land intersect in two places on the earth, one in the ocean and the other at the Great Pyramid.
- The pyramid is the only one is Egypt known to have passages inside that goes up and down.
- The centers of the four sides are indented with an extraordinary degree of precision forming the only 8 sided pyramid; this effect is not visible from the ground or from a distance but only from the air, and then only under the proper lighting conditions. This phenomenon is only detectable from the air at dawn and sunset on the spring and autumn equinoxes, when the sun casts shadows on the pyramid.
- There has been no writing or hieroglyphics found inside the great pyramid of Giza.
- If we try to build an exact replica of the pyramid, it would not be possible as we do not have the precise technology that the ancient Egyptians had that was necessary to build it.
- Until the 19th century, the great pyramid of Giza was the tallest man-made building.