Important Events Took Place in the History of Nepal (1700 BC to 1990 AD)

The history of Nepal began in and centers on, the Kathmandu Valley. In this article we are going to list out the important events took place in the History of Nepal from the date of 1700BC to 1990 AD);

It is known that Nepal is the oldest sovereign nation in South-Asia. Over the centuries Nepal’s boundaries have extended to include huge tracts of neighboring India and contracted to little more than the Kathmandu Valley and a handful of nearby city-states.

There are many true facts about you should know here we are listing some but mainly we are going to list out the events took place in the history of Nepal;

Some quick facts about Nepal;

  • Nepal does not have an independent day because Nepal was never colonized.
  • Nepal is also the oldest country in South Asia.
  • Nepal is the only country with a non-rectangular flag.

Must Read Articles;

  1. List of 220+ IT Companies in Nepal (Software Companies in Nepal)
  2. List of Top Digital Wallets in Nepal
  3. History of the Internet in Nepal: Internet In Nepal
  4. Top 10 Most Popular Nepali Blogs: Blogs in Nepal
  5. 11 Stunning Pictures of Miss Nepal Shrinkhala Khatiwada

Events Took Place in the History of Nepal (1700 BC to 1990 AD)

Time Events
130,000? Hand-axe man in Dang and Satpati
c. 1700? Beginning of Indo-Aryan movement into the

Indian subcontinent

c. 400? Birth of the Buddha at Lumbini
465 Changu Narayan inscription of King Manadeva
647 Nepalese troops assist Chinese envoy in punitive

expedition against an Indian state

(400 – 750)  Lichhavi established kingdom in Nepal after losing political stronghold in India


879 Beginning of Nepal Era
889  Bhaktapur was founded during Malla dynasty


1097 Nanyadeva of Karnataka takes control of Mithila
c. 1100 Establishment of Khasa empire in western Nepal
1200 Commencement of Malla period in Kathmandu


1349 Shams ud-din Ilyas Shah of Bengal raids

Kathmandu Valley

1382 Jayasthiti Malla gains control of Kathmandu Valley
1482 Death of Yaksha Malla, last sole king of Kathmandu


(1200 to 1500) Bhaktapur dominated Kathmandu Valley region both culturally and politically
1484 – 1768 Malla dynasty divided up Kathmandu Valley, city-states of Kathmandu, Patan, Bhaktapur were ruled by own Malla king
c. 1533 Migration of Sherpas from Kham (Tibet) into


1559 Drabya Shah seizes Gorkha
1628 Jesuit John Cabral is first European to visit the

Nepal Valley

1650 (or earlier) Treaty with Tibet gives Kathmandu joint control

over the Kuti and Kirong Passes, the right to mint

Tibet’s coinage and permission for Newars to open

trading houses in Lhasa

1715 Establishment of Capuchin mission in Kathmandu
1743 Prithvi Narayan Shah crowned king of Gorkha
1768–9 Gorkhali conquest of Kathmandu Valley
1786 First Nepal–Tibet War
1791 Second Nepal–Tibet War
1792 Tibetan Chinese halted Nepalese expansion
1793 Kirkpatrick mission to Kathmandu
1802–3 East India Company’s envoy Captain Knox in


1806 April Assassination of Rana Bahadur Shah and beginning of Bhimsen Thapa’s predominance
1809–10 Sikh ruler Ranjit Singh halts Gorkhali expansion in

the west

1813 At the age of three, Rajendra Bikram Shah became King of Nepal, kept hidden in the Royal Palace while Queen Lalit Tripura Sundari and Prime Minister Bhimsen Thapa ruled the nation under his name
1814–16 Anglo-Gorkha War took place
1816 Nepal’s current borders established by treaty at end of Anglo-Nepalese War
1837 July King Shah came out of hiding, announced he would rule Nepal, stripped Prime Minister Bhimsen Thapa of authority
1840 Appointment of ‘British ministry’
1842 ‘National Movement’ of courtiers and army press

King Rajendra to grant powers to his junior


1846 September Jang Bahadur Rana becomes prime minister after

Kot Massacre

1850 Jang Bahadur Rana’s visit to Europe
1855–56 Third Nepal–Tibet War
1856 Jang Bahadur Rana becomes maharaja of Kaski and


1857–8 Nepal assists British in suppression of Indian


1877 Death of Jang Bahadur Rana
1885 November Shamsher Ranas seize power
1904 Chandra Shamsher Rana assists the Younghusband

expedition to Tibet

1914–18 Around 100,000 Nepalese involved in support of

Britain in First World War

1919 Opening of Trichandra College in Kathmandu
1923 Britain recognises Nepal’s complete independence
1924 November Chandra Shamsher Rana’s speech calling for

abolition of slavery

1934 January Major earthquake destroys many buildings in

Kathmandu Valley

March Removal of C-Class Ranas from the Roll of


1939–45 Mobilisation of Nepal’s resources in support of

Britain in Second World War

1941 January Execution of ‘Four martyrs’
November Abdication of Juddha and accession of Maharaja

Padma Shamsher Rana

1947 January Formation of Nepali National Congress
August India becomes independent
November Tripartite agreement gives India twelve and UK

eight of existing Gurkha battalions

1948 January Padma Shamsher Rana promulgates constitution
April Following Padma Shamsher Rana’s resignation,

Mohan Shamsher Rana becomes prime minister

and maharaja

August Formation of Nepali Democratic Congress
1950 April Merger of Nepali National Congress and Nepal

Democratic Congress to form Nepali Congress

November King Tribhuvan’s flight to the Indian embassy
1951 February Formal end of Rana regime and establishment of

coalition government (now celebrated annually as

Democracy Day) under restored King Tribhuvan

April Bir Gorkha Dal revolt in Kathmandu
November M. P. Koirala forms Congress government after

collapse of coalition

1952 January Raksha Dal mutiny, leading to banning of

Communist Party

1953 June Second M. P. Koirala government
1955 March Death of King Tribhuvan in Switzerland
1956 January Tanka Prasad Acharya appointed prime minister

with cabinet of Praja Parishad and independent


July K. I. Singh becomes prime minister with cabinet of

United Democratic Party members plus royal


November K. I. Singh government dismissed
1958 February Mahendra announces appointment of Constitution

Drafting Commission, government without a prime

minister, and a nominated Advisory Assembly

1959 February Voting in general election

Promulgation of constitution

May B. P. Koirala becomes prime minister
1960 December Mahendra removes Congress government and

imposes direct royal rule

1962 November Subarna Shamsher Rana calls off Congress armed

resistance to Mahendra after outbreak of war

between China and India

December Promulgation of Nepal’s new constitution
1963 April New Civil Code (Muluki Ain)
1964 Land Reform Act
1965 January Secret agreement for Nepal to use other sources for

arms only if India unable to meet its requirements

1968 May Subarna Shamsher Rana pledges ‘loyal

co-operation’ with King Mahendra

October Release of B. P. Koirala and Ganesh Man Singh

from prison

1969 June Kirtinidhi Bista, prime minister, denounces defence

agreements with India

1972 January Death of King Mahendra and accession of King


August Congress launches armed raid from India on

Haripur (Sarlahi district)

1973 Suppression of Jhapeli communist group’s

Naxalite-style campaign of violence

1974 Three-month army operation to clear out

Khampas using northern Nepal as base for raids

into Tibet

March Biratnagar bomb attempt on Birendra’s life
1975 February Birendra makes Zone of Peace Proposal
June Indira Gandhi declares emergency rule in India
1976 December B. P. Koirala and Ganesh Man Singh return to

Kathmandu from India and are immediately


1979 May Birendra announces referendum on future of

Panchayat system

June Surya Bahadur Thapa becomes prime minister
1980 May Referendum decides in favour of reformed

Panchayat system rather than return to multi-party


December Third amendment to constitution provides for

direct election of Rastriya Panchayat

1985 May Congress launch civil disobedience campaign
June Bomb explosions in Kathmandu
1986 May Start of Gorkha National Liberation Front agitation

in Darjeeling

May Second general election under the reformed

Panchayat system

1987 December End of Gorkha National Liberation Front campaign

in Darjeeling

1989 March India imposes semi-blockade of Nepal
November Janata Party wins Indian elections, Rajiv Gandhi

replaced by V. P. Singh

1990 February Start of ‘People’s Movement’
March Start of nightly ‘light-outs’

Patan ‘uprising’ begins

April Dismissal of Marichman Singh Shrestha’s

government, appointment of Lokendra Bahadur

Chand as prime minister and Darbar Marg


King meets opposition leaders and lifts ban on

political parties

Dissolution of Rastriya Panchayat and Krishna

Prasad Bhattarai appointed prime minister

November People claiming to be refugees from Bhutan set up

Promulgation of constitution

CPN (Unity Centre) established

December makeshift camps in Jhapa

Show More

Related Articles

Back to top button